Causes of Frequent Urinary Tract Infections
Some women are genetically predisposed to Urinary Tract Infections, while others have abnormalities in the structure of their urinary tract that make them more susceptible to getting UTIs. Underlying medical conditions like diabetes or immune disorders may also put a woman at higher risk for recurring UTIs.
Pregnancy, multiple sclerosis, and any other medical condition that affects urine flow (kidney stones, stroke, tilted bladder, spinal cord injury) can also increase the occurrence of frequent urinary tract infections.
Sexual activity can also move the bacteria that causes UTIs from the vagina or rectum to the urethra where it causes infection. Spermicides (creams that kill sperm used with condoms or diaphragms) can also kill the good bacteria that protect the body from UTIs. And pregnancy hormones can also change the bacteria in the urinary tract, making infections more likely.
And, UTIs can also increase after menopause, when the decrease in estrogen production causes the vaginal tissue to become thin and dry – making it easier for bacteria to thrive.
Women who experience 2 or more UTIs within 6 months, or 3 or more UTIs per year, are considered to have frequent urinary tract infections, and typically require the expert diagnosis of a urogynecologist to determine the source or cause(s) of the recurring infections. Once the underlying reason for the repeated UTIs is determined, a special treatment plan can be put in place to address the both the cause and the symptoms of the UTIs.