Causes of Bladder Pain
There is no one universally agreed upon cause of Interstitial Cystitis or Bladder Pain Syndrome. And even experts may disagree on what precipitates this painful and frustrating condition.
In our experience there may be multiple causes of bladder pain – that can be as unique as each patient. This is why it is important to have a compassionate and thorough urogynecologist by your side, to understand your situation and explore your diagnosis and treatment options.
In some cases it is believed that a structural defect in the bladder tissue may be responsible for irritating substances in the urine to penetrate the bladder. Along these same lines, there may also be something specific within the urine that causes damage to the bladder that results in pain.
In other cases, a neurological component may be responsible for bladder pain, whereby nerve dysfunction results in pain being caused by events that are not normally painful (such as bladder filling). while in still other situations, an autoimmune condition causes the body’s immune system to attack the bladder, causing pain.
Experts have also speculated that a specific type of inflammatory cell, known as a mast cell may be present in some women, that releases histamine and other chemicals into the bladder.